Conference paper

Tree-Based Hardware Recursion for Divide-and-Conquer Algorithms

B. Morrison, M. Łukowiak (Rochester Inst. of Techn., USA)

Recursion is is a very efficient abstraction that can be found in definitions of many algorithms. However, recursion can be difficult to implement in hardware and as a result is is not supported by the majority of high-level synthesis tools (HLS). This work introduces a new framework for implementing recursive functions in hardware, which we call TreeRecur. TreeRecur uses trees to represent the branching recursive function calls of divide-and-conquer algorithms, which makes it possible to take advantage of their procedure-level parallelism. To allow for design flexibility, TreeRecur executes algorithms using a configurable number of independent function processors. These processors are generated using HLS design flow, making it easy to implement a variety of different algorithms. Our framework was tested on a field programmable gate array (FPGA) using three simple algorithms and compared against software implementations of the same algorithms. Performance results were collected in terms of execution speed and energy consumption. The execution speeds of TreeRecur are shown to be comparable to software programs when differences in clock speed are accounted for and its energy consumption is up to 11 times better than the software solution's.

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Receipt of papers:

March 15th, 2021

Notification of acceptance:

May 11th, 2021

Registration opening:

May 17th, 2021

Final paper versions:

May 31th, 2021